At which places in Indus Valley Civilization rice husks have been found? So it is important chapter of SSC History. Also known as the Harappan civilization, it dates back to 2500 years ago. Chiefly, the animals represented are tigers, elephants, bulls, bison, goats and so on.Some seals have mathematical images and must have been used for educational purposes. It is called Harappan civilization because this civilization was discovered first in. Below the citadel in each city lay a lower town containing brick houses, which were inhabited by the common people. Indus Valley Civilization: characteristics and significance, art and architecture- Part I The Harappan People We get some idea of the size of population that lived in any of the Harappan cities from the studies conducted. This style is called In earlier times the Indus region possessed more natural vegetation which attracted more rainfall. Ans D. Lothal and Rangpur. The Harappan invented the art of writing like the people of ancient Mesopotamia. Features of Indus Valley Civilization. They also attest the existence of a class of masons. C. Chahundaro and Kalibangan. But the identification is doubtful, because homed gods also appear in other ancient civilizations. 80% of the settlements were on the banks of the now lost Saraswati River. At his feet appear two deer. practically disappeared. Most of the inscriptions on seals are small, a group of few letters. D. Coins. | He is represented in the sitting posture of a yogi, placing one foot on the other. | The Indus valley civilisation is also called the Harappan culture. Although the earliest specimen of Harappan script was noticed in 1853 and the complete script discovered by 1923, it has not been deciphered so far. Study Packages UPSC 2020 Topic – Indus Valley ... All the seals have pictures of animals with something written in a pictographic script (which is yet to be deciphered). Unlike the Egyptians and Mesopotamians, the Harappan did not write long inscriptions. Bones of wild species such as boar, deer and gharial are also found. Some beads were made of two or more stones, cemented together, some of stone with gold caps. IES; Mentoring . Rimpa Dey. No temples have been found at any Harappan site. Their script has not been deciphered so far, There are nearly 4000 specimens of Harappan writing on stone seals and other objects, Unlike the Egyptians and Mesopotamians, the Harappans did not write long inscriptions. As early as 1875, Alexander Cunningham, the first Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), often called the father of Indian archaeology, noted that the amount of brick taken from the ancient site was enough to lay bricks for "about 100 miles" of the railway line between Lahore and Multan. 3 sec, OTP has been sent to your mobile number and is valid for one hour. Script. The Harappan script is not alphabetical but mainly pictographic. 10. We get many figurines made of fire-baked earthen clay, commonly called terracotta. The Harappan culture belongs to the Bronze Age. Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 1 – 4 Marks Questions. The discovery of Harappa, and quickly afterwards, Mohenjo-Daro, was the end result of work beginning in 1861 with the beginning of the Archaeological Survey of India in the British Raj. They did not use metal money. These were either used as toys or objects of worship. | Animals were also worshipped in Harappan times. We have no religious structures of any kind except the Great Bath. The Harappans also practised boat-making. Bharat on 10 PM Current Affairs Quiz: January 16, 2021; Zahoor Khawaja on Kalapani territorial dispute between India and Nepal resurfaced; Muskan Kushwaha on 10 PM Current Affairs Quiz: January 16, 2021; Vikas Chaudhary on 10 PM Current Affairs Quiz: January 15, 2021; AASHISH SHARMA on … No temples have been found at any Harappan sites. These objects were found from areas as far apart as Afghanistan, Jammu, Baluchistan (Pakistan) and Gujarat. The Harappan script has not yet been convincingly deciphered. The street drains were equipped with manholes. But on the whole, it appears that the Harappans did not believe in burying precious things with the dead. Script. Among other names of this civilization is Harappa Civilization. Bisht begins excavations at Dholavira. However, one can see the various elements of the Ancient Indus Valley Civilization in later cultures. Mohenjodaro had a population of about 35,000. Finds of rice are relatively rare. Whole most Harappan settlements have a small high western part and a larger lower eastern section, there are variations. C. Chahundaro and Kalibangan. Rao begins excavations at Lothal, 1960          -       B.B Lal and B.K. It is suggested that the Great Bath served ritual bathing. The remarkable thing about the arrangement of the houses in the cities is that they followed the, In almost all cities every big or small house had its own, At sites such as Dholavira and Lothal (Gujarat), the entire settlement was. Seals ,Sealings and Scripts. Although the Harappans practised agriculture, animals were kept on a large scale. 4. https://www.studyadda.com 2. In this article, we have discussed some of the important points of Indus Valley Civilization for the UPSC exam. In 1920s, the Archaeological Department of India carried out excavations in the Indus valley wherein the ruins of the two old cities, viz. A. Lothal and Dholavira. Ans B. NCERT texts are a must read for every UPSC aspirant and are available for free download from ncert.nic.in website. If we look for a centre of power or for depictions of people in power, Some archaeologists are of the opinion that Harappan society had, Another theory argues that there was no single ruler, but, The Harappans, therefore, looked upon the earth as a, This god is surrounded by an elephant, a tiger, a rhinoceros, and has a buffalo below his throne. Harrapan civilisation: a very important topic for upsc prelims as well as mains examination. Harappan civilization SSC also known as Indus Valley Civilization SSC is a very important chapter for SSC, Railways, RRB, UPSC. | Privacy Policy These are texts which help to build the fundamentals. Although the earliest specimen of Harappan script was noticed in 1853 and the complete script discovered by 1923, it has not been deciphered so far. Seals also conveyed the identity of the sender. Describe the distinctive features of domestic architecture of Mohenjodaro. Jewellery has been found in burials of both men and women. The goldsmiths made jewellery of silver, gold and precious stones. We do not come across any massive work of art in stone as we find in the case of sculptures of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. The Harappans carried on considerable trade in stone, metal, shell, etc. Amazing Facts The Harappan culture arose in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent. Banawali is situated in Hissar district in Haryana. UPSC Online Coaching; Integrated Program; Course Materials; ONLINE PAYMENT; Application Form; Bank Details; Other Coaching . Although the Rig Vedic Aryans settled down mostly in the land of the Seven Rivers, in which the Harappan culture once flourished, we have no archaeological evidence of any mass-scale confrontation between the mature Harappans and the Aryans. 1. Aryans). The Harappans established settlements such as Nageshwar and Balakot in areas where shell was available. There are nearly 4,000 specimens of Harappan writing on stone seals and other objects. Phases of Indus Valley Civilization. We have no clear idea about the political organization of the Harappans. Large letters of the Harappan script (signboards). The area formed a triangle and accounted for about 12,99,600 square kilometres. The Citadel within Lothal was not walled off, but was built at a height. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 16054 times. But some scholars connect it to the Dravidian languages and others to Indo-Aryan and Sanskrit. The Harappan invented the art of writing like the people of ancient Mesopotamia. Harappa is known to be a 4700 years old city in the subcontinent which was discovered around the time 1920. Wheat, barley, rai, peas, sesame, lentil, chickpea and mustard were produced. They carried on all exchanges through barter. Granary was the largest building of Mohenjodaro. The Harappan Script. 4. The variety of materials used to make beads is remarkable: stones like carnelian (of a beautiful red colour), jasper, crystal, quartz and steatite; metals like copper, bronze and gold; and shell, faience and terracotta or burnt clay. | Click here for Online Inquiry form to join Drishti IAS programmes. They knew the use of wheel. Also known as the Harappan civilization, it dates back to 2500 years ago. We get a few pieces of Harappan stone sculptures. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between … At burials in Harappan sites the dead were generally laid in pits. (TERB Acronym) Under his throne are two dears. Archaeological data indicates the persistence of the Late Harappan culture till 1000-900 BC. At Lothal for example, while houses were built of mud bricks, drains were made of burnt bricks. Mesopotamian texts datable to the third millennium BCE refer to copper coming from a region called Magan, perhaps a name for Oman, and interestingly enough copper found at Mesopotamian sites also contains traces of nickel. gradual growth of towns in the Indus valley. The use of baked bricks in Harappan cities is remarkable. pre-Harappan, early-Harappan, mature-Harappan and late Harappan. Harappan culture was famous for its distinguished system of town planning. The importance of trade in the life of the Indus people is attested by the presence of numerous seals, uniform script and regulated weights and measures in a wide area. UPSC; GK TRICKS; GENERAL KNOWLEDGE . THE HARAPPAN CIVILIZATION ANCIENT HISTORY . Here raw materials such as semi-precious stones were easily available. Harappan civilization [since Harappa was the first place to be discovered] or Indus valley civilization [it is located on the banks of Indus River] is 5000 year old civilization. Animal bones found at Harappan sites include those of cattle, sheep, goat, buffalo and pig. The drainage system of Mohenjo-daro was very impressive. The two most important cities were Harappa and Mohenjo-daro. D. Lothal and Rangpur. Harappan civilization forms part of the proto history of India i.e. In this way, the Harappan culture covered parts of Punjab, Haryana, Sindh, Baluchistan, Gujarat, Rajasthan and the fringes of western Uttar Pradesh. In some places, the civilization continued till 1800 BCE. Free Videos, Contact Us In the case of the Harappan culture, these distinctive objects include seals, beads, weights, stone blades and even baked bricks. Harappan Civilization - Ancient India for UPSC prelims 2018 and 2019 You can find the other course of Arpita Sharma here : https://goo.gl/XCbgKm This Session is … Harappan pots were generally decorated with the designs of trees and circles. But in the citadel of Harappa we find as many as six granaries. The Harappan script is yet to be fully deciphered The script was mostly written from right to left In a few long seals, the blustrophedon method of writing in the reverse direction in alternate lines was adopted It is believed that the seals were used for commercial purposes. 3. The central zone of this mature Harappan culture lay in Sind and Punjab. However, plenty of archaeological remains are found in different parts of India to reconstruct the history of this period. They practised navigation on the coast of the Arabian Sea. A few seals were also carried as amulets, perhaps as a kind of identity card. Sometimes these drains were covered with bricks and sometimes with stone slabs. Most of them are late Harappan, post-urban sites. Situated at a distance of 483 kilometres they were linked together by the Indus. India to reconstruct actual agricultural practices Balakot in areas where shell was available of few.. 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