conducted to assess the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI), comprising major and sub-components of vulnerability for ten sub-districts in Pekan. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11246935, Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals, You can make submissions to other journals. This involved geographic analyses which combined data on vulnerability index components represented by Geographical Information System (GIS) mapping. Typically, the index is a composite of multiple quantitative indicators that via some formula, delivers a single numerical result. Vulnerability assessments focus on characterizing and measuring the level of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity that an actor or sets of actors have to a particular stress (Adger, 2006; Jayanti et al., 2018). The analytical methods used in this research are descriptive - quantitative analysis, Estimated Livelihood Index (LVI), risk analysis, and adaptation and mitigation strategies. The study area comprised of a set of production wells for abstracting groundwater for beneficial purposes. Spatial maps were prepared to show the distribution of the vulnerable areas with indicating the houses according to their level of vulnerability. 2011. A tool for vulnerability assessment, the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI), had been proposed by Hahn, Riederer and Foster. The proposed MARS-CEMOGA based saltwater intrusion management methodology was capable of obtaining accurate solutions for optimal groundwater abstractions from a combination of production and barrier extraction bores in a real-life coastal aquifer system. Sheikh Mohammad Sayem: Methodology. All these resources make for strong ties to the locality, and therefore survivors hesitate to move to distant unknown places. Climate change 2007: The physical science basis. In this investigation, Cu(II) ions were removed from the synthetic solution using the mixed biomass [Aspergillus campestris and two forms of Delonix regia seed (raw and acid treated Delonix regia seed)] as adsorbent. The study also identified the most significant factors of vulnerability. The index is part of the sustainable livelihoods and food security traditions of 3.2 IPCC Vulnerability Index This study uses VI-IPCC to assess livelihood vulnerability based on the IPCC approach. It means that a high vulnerability score show in low work blocks of MGNREGS and low vulnerability score shows in high work blocks of MGNREGS. A sustainable groundwater abstraction strategy capable of confining saltwater concentrations in the aquifer within acceptable limits is required for the Barguna aquifer system. To address this gap, we test a vulnerability assessment termed the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) of fishermen in the coastal region of Bangladesh that is designed to measure the relative potential impact, the community exposure to climate shocks and to find the limits and barriers to the adaptation of fishing activities. Livelihood Vulnerability index was developed which includes social vulnerability, infrastructure development, biophysical conditions, climate, agriculture and livestock, and transportation (Fig 1). Different sector-wise substitutes are taken into account as indicators of the state of the livelihood practices, livelihood support and stresses on them by the LVI. The geographic location of Bangladesh provides the country with a supportive environment and resources for the existence of a large number of diverse aquatic species (Shamsuzzaman et al., 2017). The climate change indicators are divided into mainly two indexes; Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) and Livelihood Effect Index (LEI). It makes use of seven major components namely socio-demographic profile, livelihood strategies, The main purpose of the paper was to assess the households’ livelihood vulnerability to climate change in Medenine province of South-East Tunisia using the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI). The research study developed the Fishermen Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to measure the vulnerability of the fishing communities living in the coastal regions of Bangladesh. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Md Jakariya: Conceptualization, Supervision. The Social Vulnerability Index (SoVI), first developed by Cutter, Boruff and Shirley (2003), uses a common set of broad indicators to explore differences in social vulnerability between places (countries, census tracts or census block groups). A positive loading of Mg, Th, Sr, Ca, TDS, SO4, Li, Cl, F, Br, Cd, K, Ba, and Na has been shown by the PC1; representing the factors which are contributing to the high salinity of the GW due to the salt water intrusion and the mineralization of rocks and soil which is supported by the water type classification and saturation indices. Abir Rahman: Methodology, Writing - original draft. The simulation model was then used within the integrated S–O based management model to evolve ideal groundwater abstraction patterns to restraint saltwater intrusion in the study area. The study also revealed that the livelihood activities of the coastal fishermen are mainly affected by the impacts of natural disasters. 2019; 11(24):6935. The indicators considered for the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) are only a subset that represents typical factors applicable in the context of rural settings of China. A vulnerability index is a measure of the exposure of a population to some hazard. School Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon - School of Business; Course Title ECON MISC; Uploaded By greyna. Thermodynamic parameters affirmed that evacuation of Cu(II) particles was a plausible, unconstrained and exothermic in nature. 9, … Increasing saltwater intrusion in the Barguna aquifer due to unplanned groundwater abstraction is a concern for the people of Barguna district, Bangladesh. Information collected from Focus Group Meetings (FGMs) and key informant interviews (KIIs) from Ramgati Upazilla of Lakshmipur District, Bangladesh, shows that once household members have lost their homes to riverbank erosion, they rarely migrate to distant places and stay in their immediate vicinity. Agricultural practices are highly impacted by changes in weather patterns (Vining, 1990), and as such people could be forced out of agricultural practices due to the increasing intensity of impacts in the coastal regions (Davis et al., 2009; Hoque and Haque, 2016). (2009) to estimate flood vulnerability in two villages, Phu Huu (An Phu district) and Ta … We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Such stresses include natural or human-caused disasters, or disease outbreaks. The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) was developed to estimate climate vulnerability of livestock farming in Chitradurga and Kolar Districts of Karnataka, India. The architecture of 3-15-1 is found to be generating the best results and can be employed in urban areas for forecasting groundwater fluctuation and managing water resources effectively. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journals are solely Adsorption analysis was done with respect to different reaction parameters and their optimum values were determined as follows: mixed adsorbent dosage – 1.0 g/L; pH – 6.0; contact time – 30 min; temperature – 303 K. The isotherm and kinetic investigations were performed with four distinctive isotherm models and three kinetic models. A large portion of fishermen communities is living in the coastal zones, which are facing different threats due to climate change. This index was developed by Hahn, Riederer, and Foster (2009) and is based on the IPCC's definition of vulnerability. This paper aims to assess the livelihood vulnerability of riverine communities by applying the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) vulnerability framework and the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI). Coastal zones around the world are considered as one of the hot spots for the impacts of climate change globally (Parry et al., 2007). Assessing the impact of disasters on the livelihoods of people and the capacity and opportunities for recovery and increased resilience to future events is an Penyur (0.51) was the most vulnerable and sensitive in terms of food security during the flood season. This preview shows page 28 - 31 out of 90 pages. The approach estimates vulnerabilities in terms of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. The Multidimensional Livelihood Vulnerability Index – an instrument to measure livelihood vulnerability to change in the Hindu Kush Himalayas. The hydrogeochemical facies and the obtained graphs confirmed that most of the analyzed GW samples fall into two types of water namely calcium-chloride-type (SO4–Cl and Ca–Mg) and sodium-chloride-type (SO4–Cl and Na–K). livelihood vulnerability index (MLVI) of 0.56 showed that on the average 56% of women processors and traders in the district were multidimensionally vulnerable based on the given aggregated deprivation cut off and were most deprived in in social capital indicators such as social network and extension service. The results, based on the findings of a survey of 164 households from 3 coastal districts (Patuakhali, Khulna & Cox's Bazar) indicated that the coastal fishing communities are more vulnerable (FLVI = 0.48) compare to the people living in other parts of Bangladesh. In this study, a regional-scale integrated simulation-optimization (S–O) approach was used to prescribe an optimal groundwater abstraction strategy for the aquifer. Livelihood vulnerability index was employed to analyze the levels of smallholders’ agriculture vulnerability to climate variability and change. The CCF asserts that overall resilience in the face of a disaster comes from focusing on the assets in place prior to the exposure to danger across multiple dimensions such as human, social, political, financial, built, natural, and cultural capitals. The livelihood vulnerability index is derived for all the three regions of northern Ghana, taking into consideration, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC, definition of vulnerability to climatic impacts developed by Hahn et al., (2009). A total of 930 households were selected from three coastal districts. The IPCC define livelihood vulnerability as a function of system exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity but it does not show the relationship between them (Shah et al. The variables to measure vulnerability such as exposure, … This study employed the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) developed by [26] with replacements of some indicators to suit the local context in the study areas. Sustainable Tourism: A Competitiveness Strategy Perspective in Baja California. LIVELIHOOD VULNERABILITY INDEX IN BLUEFIELDS, JAMAICA A Thesis by KEVIN L. FATH Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Chair of Committee, Gary Wingenbach Committee Members, Theresa P. Murphrey Leonardo Lombardini Head of Department, John Elliot December 2014 … Sustainability. Meanwhile, the Jiwo Wetan Village has a lower index in LVI at 0.344 and LVI-IPCC index value at 0.038. Research findings on livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) including 10 key components, 30 subcomponents and 5 livelihood sources showed that people in Phu Huu commnue have the highest vulnerability. The livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) is a composite index of all major parameters, while the IPCC vulnerability approach frames the major parameters into three contributing factors to vulnerability: exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. The integrated physiochemical analysis along with hydrochemical faces analysis, geochemical modeling, statistical and geostatistical analysis was conducted. does livelihood vulnerability index justify the socio-economic status of mountainous community? The PC3 showed a positive loading of Ni, Zn, Be, pH, Cu, Co, Fe, B, V, and TOC, which indicates the dissolution and precipitation (reducing and oxidizing factor) such as iron which is a redox-sensitive variable. The effects of climate change are expected to increase the burden especially on the poorer coastal population of the nation (Reid et al., 2009; Ahmed et al., 2019). Fishermen communities is living in the vulnerability weights measured through the ranking exercise conducted with the fishermen displayed... To learn more about MDPI acceptable limits is required for the aquifer drinking water, particularly their in. Index this study, a regional-scale integrated simulation-optimization ( S–O ) approach was used find! 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