The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army based in the county of Kent in existence from 1881 to 1961. [27], The regiment was not fundamentally affected by the Cardwell Reforms of the 1870s, which gave it a depot at Stoughton Barracks in Guildford from 1873, or by the Childers reforms of 1881 – as it already possessed two battalions, there was no need for it to amalgamate with another regiment. [12], During the War of Spanish Succession it served in the Iberian campaign, at Cadiz, Vigo, the sieges of Valencia de Alcantara, Alburquerque, Badajoz, Alcantara and Ciudad Rodrigo, and was virtually destroyed in the disastrous Battle of Almansa. It returned to India in November 1839, storming the city of Khelat en route, and avoiding destruction along with the rest of Elphinstone's army. [49] The battalion saw action at the Battle of Mons, the Battle of the Marne, the Battle of the Aisne, the Battle of Ypres, the Battle of Aubers Ridge, the Battle of Loos, the Battle of Festubert, The Hindenburg Line, the Battle of Bellecourt, the Battle of Broodseinde, the Battle of Passchendaele and the Battle of Arras. The medal has the regimental badge on one side and the inscription, "Prisoners of War The Queens Regiment Welcome Home" on the reverse and is dated MCMXVIII. Historical Research, 76: 286–291. The 1/6th and 1/7th would spend the rest of the war as training units with the 50th Infantry Division. "The Queen’s Own Royal West Kent Regiment Living History Group has raised the funds required to erect a new memorial dedicated to the men of the Royal West Kent Regiment. The 1st Battalion fought the Communist guerrillas during the Malayan Emergency from 1954-1957. The Queen's Royal Regiment Living History Group' _ Red coats of the English Army at the Battle of Preston – the last battle on English soil. By 1950 it was known as The Queen's Royal Regiment. These events are, of course, all parts of the history of Britain as a whole (Queen’s) Royal Regiment Tangier, War of the Spanish Succession, Tongres, Garrison Duty in the 18 th Century The 1st Battalion served in Berlin during the blockade to 1949 then Iserlohn in BAOR (British Army of the Rhine) part of 5th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division (Crossed Keys) until 1953. It was the vision of a member of The Queen’s Own Royal West Kent Regiment Living History Group, Mr Nigel Bristow, to erect a memorial to the Regiment in 2013 in good time for the Centenary Commemorations of the beginning of the Great War in 2014. The brigade was sent, along with the rest of the division, to France in 1940 to join the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) and were quickly involved in the Battle of France and subsequent Dunkirk evacuation. 893 likes. These were: 1st Battalion (Queen's Surreys) – formerly the Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment … Kent was split into two areas, with those in West Kent forming the Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment, while those in East Kent becoming the Buffs (East Kent Regiment). Today the regiment's successors can be traced to the 1st Battalion, Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment. [68] The brigade participated in the Tunisian and Italian Campaigns and the North West Europe Campaign. [74][75], The regiment raised many other battalions during the war, mainly for home defence or as training units. The Queen's Royal Regiment Living History Group' _ Red coats of the English Army at the Battle of Preston – the last battle on English soil. Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) Cap Badge. [22] It then took part in the disastrous Walcheren Campaign before returning to the Peninsula to fight at the Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro, the second Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo, the Battle of Salamanca and the unsuccessful Siege of Burgos. His palace at nearby Fishbourne is one of the major Roman villas excavated in B… [4] From this service, it was also known as the Tangier Regiment. Hoghton, Preston, Lancashire, UK. It was in Palestine during the Insurgency of 1936-1939. The other dominating activity during the Queen’s Regiment’s existence was the Cold War. The regiment was raised in 1661 by Henry Mordaunt, 2nd Earl of Peterborough as The Earl of Peterborough's Regiment of Foot on Putney Heath (then in Surrey) specifically to garrison the new English acquisition of Tangier, part of Catherine of Braganza's dowry when she married King Charles II. 18th July, 2015. The Queen’s Own Royal West Kent Regiment Living History Group ( 50th & 97th ) has been formed by a number of like minded living historians who share a passionate interest in the period and the Regiments of Kent. Hoghton, Preston, Lancashire, UK. This year sees the 300th anniversary of the last battle on English soil and a decisive moment in the first Jacobite Rising. 725 likes. [65], The regiment was also reassigned 22nd (County of London) and 24th battalions of the London Regiment, which disbanded in 1938. [40][49][53][54], The 2/4th Battalion saw more varied service than any of the other Queen's TF battalions, in the Gallipoli Campaign, in Egypt, and Palestine, all as part of the 53rd (Welsh) Division, before being sent back as reinforcements to the Western Front where it served in 34th Division under French command before taking part in the final advance to victory in November 1918. Queen's Own Buffs, The Royal Kent Regiment, Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own), Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment (Queen's and Royal Hampshires), List of Battalions of the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) § First World War, List of Battalions of the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) § Second World War, 127th (Queen's) Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 201st Independent Infantry Brigade (Home), Alexander George Fraser, 17th Lord Saltoun, "The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) [UK]", "The Raising of the Regiment and Tangier 1661–84", "(Queen's) Royal Regiment Tangier, War of the Spanish Succession, Tongres, Garrison Duty in the 18th Century", "The Colours of The Queen's Royal Surrey Regiments 1959-1967", "Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907", "The First World War 1914 - 1918: The Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment", The Queen's Shrine, Croydon Parish Church, at Queen's Royal Surreys, "The inter-war years 1919 - 1939: The Queen's Royal (West Surrey) Regiment", "63 (Queens) Searchlight Regiment RA (TA)", "The Second World War 1939 - 1945: The Queen's Royal (West Surrey) Regiment", "A 4.2-inch mortar of 'S' Troop, 307th Battery, 99th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment in action at Cassino, Italy, 12 May 1944", The Queen's Royal Regiment Living History Group, Queen's Royal West Surrey Regiment Re-enactment Society, "The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey)", The World War One Letters of Major Hugh J.C. Peirs, 8th Battalion, The Queen's Royal West Surrey Regiment, Stepping Forward: A Tribute to the Volunteer Military Reservists and Supporting Auxiliaries of Greater London, 3rd (East Kent, The Buff's) Regiment of Foot, 97th (The Earl of Ulster's) Regiment of Foot, 13th (1st Somersetshire) (Prince Albert's Light Infantry), 14th (Buckinghamshire – The Prince of Wales's Own), 19th (1st Yorkshire, North Riding – Princess of Wales's Own), 42nd (The Royal Highland) (The Black Watch), 45th (Nottinghamshire Sherwood Foresters), 49th (Hertfordshire - Princess Charlotte of Wales's), 51st Regiment of Foot (Cape Breton Regiment), 51st (2nd York, West Riding, The King's Own Light Infantry), 61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot, 77th (East Middlesex) (Duke of Cambridge's Own), 85th (Bucks Volunteers) (The King's Light Infantry), 91st (Princess Louise's Argyllshire Highlanders), 98th (Prince of Wales's) Regiment of Foot, 103rd Regiment of Foot (Volunteer Hunters), 103rd Regiment of Foot (King's Irish Infantry), 107th (Queen's Own Royal Regiment of British Volunteers), Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment), Prince Albert's (Somerset Light Infantry), Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment), Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regiment), Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment), Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment), Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment), Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment), Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment), Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment), Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's), Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers), Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders), Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment (Royal Canadians), Liverpool Rifles, King's (Liverpool Regiment), Liverpool Irish, King's (Liverpool Regiment), Liverpool Scottish, King's (Liverpool Regiment), Leeds Rifles, Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment), Cinque Ports Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment, Hallamshire Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Queen%27s_Royal_Regiment_(West_Surrey)&oldid=998403572, Military units and formations established in 1661, Regiments of the British Army in World War I, Regiments of the British Army in World War II, Military units and formations in Burma in World War II, Military units and formations disestablished in 1959, Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 9th (Reserve) Bn – served in the UK training recruits, 10th (Service) Bn (Battersea) – formed by the, 11th (Service) Bn (Lambeth) – formed by the, 12th (Reserve) Bn – served in the UK training recruits, 13th (Labour) Bn – served on the Western Front, 15th (Labour) Bn – served on the Western Front, 16th (Home Service) Bn – served in the UK, Tangier 1662-80, Namur 1695, Ushant, Egypt, Vimiera, Corunna, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Toulouse, Peninsula, Ghuznee 1839, Khelat, Affghanistan 1839, South Africa 1851-2-3, Taku Forts, Pekin 1860, Burma 1885-87, Tirah, Relief of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899-1902, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 06:20. [1] It was the senior English line infantry regiment of the British Army, behind only the Royal Scots in the British Army line infantry order of precedence. Six cadre companies returned home to re-form. [50], The 2nd Battalion was in South Africa when war broke out and landed at Zeebrugge as part of the 22nd Brigade in the 7th Division in October 1914 for service on the Western Front. The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment was an infantry regiment of the British Army from 1881 to 1961. A Brief History of The Queen’s Royal Hussars. [19] In 1800, it was part of the abortive expedition to Belle Isle,[20] from which it sailed to Egypt where it fought at the Battle of Alexandria, the Siege of Fort Julien and the Siege of Alexandria. Post These battalions became the 6th (Bermondsey) and 7th (Southwark) battalions of the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) and joined the 5th Battalion in 131st Brigade. by PeterZed » Mon Mar 05, 2012 12:25 pm, Post The city has been a crossroads since Roman times, with routes diverging north to Winchester and along the coast, both east and west. [11] From 1692 to 1696 it fought in Flanders in the Nine Years' War, at the Battle of Landen and the recapture of Namur in 1695. Raised in Belfast, in June 1701, as the Earl of Donegall’s Regiment, the Regiment was the 35 th Regiment of foot.. It took part in the suppression of the Monmouth Rebellion, fighting at the Battle of Sedgemoor, where it earned a widespread (but probably exaggerated[9]) reputation for brutality. [40][49][51][52] The 1/5th Battalion also went to India with the Home Counties Division, but then transferred to Mesopotamia in December 1915. [50], The 1/4th Battalion moved to India as part of the Surrey Brigade in the Home Counties Division in October 1914 and remained there throughout the war,[49] serving on the North West Frontier, and was afterwards involved in the Third Afghan War in 1919. In December 1944, due to heavy casualties and a shortage of infantrymen in the British Army, the 1/6th and 1/7th Battalions were replaced by 2nd Battalion, Devonshire Regiment and 9th Battalion, Durham Light Infantry, both from the 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division. [71], The regiment also raised the 2/5th, 2/6th, and 2/7th which were all 2nd Line Territorial Army battalions serving in the 35th Infantry Brigade of the 12th (Eastern) Infantry Division, a 2nd Line Territorial Army duplicate of the 44th (Home Counties) Division. This year sees the 300th anniversary of the last battle on English soil and a decisive moment in the first Jacobite Rising. Due to post Cold War restructuring of the Armed Forces it was announced in 1990 that The Queen’s Own Hussars and The Queen’s Royal Irish Hussars would amalgamate to form The Queen’s Royal Hussars. [2], In 1959, the regiment was amalgamated with the East Surrey Regiment, to form a single county regiment called the Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment which was, on 31 December 1966, amalgamated with the Queen's Own Buffs, The Royal Kent Regiment, the Royal Sussex Regiment and the Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own) to form the Queen's Regiment. [34], Under the Childers Reforms, two battalions of the Volunteer Force were attached to the regiment in 1883. [26] It once again became the 1st Battalion when the 2nd Battalion was reformed in 1857, and went to China in 1860 at the time of the Second Opium War, fighting at the Third Battle of Taku Forts and the capture of Beijing. Group members preserve the dignity and contribution of the regiment, manifesting an accurate, detailed … The 4th Queen's was unusual in sending its 3rd-Line battalion overseas, so a 4/4th Bn was raised to train recruits; eventually it absorbed the 3/5th Bn as the 4th Reserve Battalion. On 25 February 1852 a detachment of 51 men under the command of Ensign Boyland were aboard HMS Birkenhead travelling from Simon's Town to Port Elizabeth when the ship struck rocks. [81], The regiment's battle honours were as follows:[1]. [10] After the Glorious Revolution, it fought in Ireland for the new King, William III, defending the besieged Londonderry in 1689 and at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690. The division was later sent to North Africa in mid-1942 to join the British Eighth Army and fought in the Battle of Alam el Halfa and later in the Second Battle of El Alamein where the 131st Brigade was assigned to the 7th Armoured Division and would remain with them for the rest of the war. The Queen’s Own Royal West Kent Regiment Living History Group ( 50th & 97th ) has been formed by a number of like ... minded living historians who share a passionate interest in the period and the Regiments of Kent. The "Queen's Own" Royal West Kent Regiment Living History Group (50th & 97th) has been formed by a number of like-minded living historians who share a passionate interest in the Regiments of Kent. [1][39][40], The 1st Battalion landed at Le Havre as part of the 3rd Brigade in the 1st Division in August 1914, and spent the entire war on the Western Front. [16] In recognition of the regiment's service, it was granted the distinction of wearing a Naval Crown superscribed 1 June 1794 on its colours. [14] It was for this action that it was awarded its Royal title and its mottoes. The Royal Sussex Regiment. From this service, it was also known as the Tangier Regiment. It formed part of the force that attacked the previously-impregnable city of Ghazni, taking the city by storm because the army lacked siege equipment, and opening the way to Kabul. Queens Own Royal West Kent Regiment Living History Group. Archived from the original on 1 February 2008. In 1832 King William the … The present city of Chichester was built on the site of the capital of Cogidubnus, the King of the Regneses and an ally of the Romans. All of the Regiment’s regular battalions served for tours in West Germany, as part of the NATO forces and The British Army of the Rhine facing The Warsaw Pact; the 1 st Battalion was the last to serve there at the end of the Cold War, prior to further amalgamation. [8], The regiment shipped to Tangier where it remained until the port was evacuated in 1684, when it returned to England. Pte.AW Somerville served with the 2/6th Btn Queens Royal West Surrey Regiment British Army. United by a fascination with military history and a fondness for dressing up, groups such as the Rifles Living History Society and the Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment Living History Group get togethe - 2CXG20R from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. [31] The 2nd Battalion fought in the Third Anglo-Burmese War from 1886 to 1888 and in South Africa from 1899 to 1904 including during the Second Boer War (1899–1902). The 1st Queens fought in the Burma Campaign throughout the war as part of the 33rd Indian Infantry Brigade,[67] 7th Indian Infantry Division, of the British Fourteenth Army under Lieutenant General William "Bill" Slim. [13] In the campaign in the Low Countries in 1703, it defended Tongres against overwhelming odds, giving Lord Overkirk time to re-group his forces, until it was eventually captured. The dividing line that separated the two regimental areas was east of the River Medway. [46][47][48] The regiment now had the 3rd Battalion (Special Reserve), with the 4th Battalion (TF) at the Old Barracks in Croydon and the 5th Battalion (TF) at Sandfield Terrace in Guildford (since demolished). [76] The 14th Battalion was raised in Dorchester in early July 1940[77] commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Wilkinson. [23] By the winter of 1812, the regiment was so depleted by casualties and disease that four companies were amalgamated with the equally weakened 2nd Battalion, 53rd Foot, to form the 2nd Provisional Battalion. 305, 311; Table XLIX, p. 319; p. 315; Table LI, p. 328. As part of the 4th Division, the Provisional Battalion took part in the Wellington's triumph at the Battle of Vittoria on 21 June 1813, followed by the Siege of San Sebastián and, 1814, the battles of Orthes and Toulouse. The Group's first and foremost aim is to perpetuate the proud memory of those who lost their lives fighting for their country. Queens Own Royal West Kent Regiment Living History Group. The Queen's Regiment was an infantry regiment of the British Army formed in 1966 through the amalgamation of the four regiments of the Home Counties Brigade. [72], In January 1944 Lieutenant Alec George Horwood of the 1/6th Battalion was awarded the Victoria Cross whilst fighting in the Burma Campaign whilst attached to the 1st Battalion, Northamptonshire Regiment. Routledge, Table LXV, p. 396; pp. England's Senior Regiment of the Line. The Queen’s Royal Regiment (West Surrey), the 2nd of Foot, was England’s oldest infantry Regiment formed in 1661. It was formed as The Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment) as part of the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 50th (Queen's Own) Regiment of Foot and the 97th (Earl of Ulster's) Regiment of Foot.In January 1921, it was renamed The Royal West Kent Regiment … Timmons, S.A. (2003), Executions following Monmouth's rebellion: a missing link. It will be sited where the regiment first saw action on the morning of 23rd August 1914 at Tertre in Belgium. This section provides a short history of the Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment and its forebears, by reference to prominent events in the life of the Regiment. The Queen's Royal Regiment Living History Group; Queen's Royal West Surrey Regiment Re-enactment Society "The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey)". When the regiment was formed, Kent was one of five counties (the others being Surrey, Staffordshire, Lancashire and Yorkshire) that was split to create more than one regiment. In 1803 Major-General Charles Lennox, later to become the 4 th Duke of Richmond, became Colonel, and in the following year he requested the title be changed from “The Dorsetshire” to ”The Sussex”. It was broken up to provide drafts in February 1918. 18th July, 2015. In 1959, it was amalgamated with the East Surrey Regiment, to form the Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment. [7], In the Childers reforms of 1881 it became the county regiment of West Surrey, named The Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment. [5], In 1685, it was given the Royal title the Queen Dowager's Regiment of Foot (after Queen Catherine, widow of Charles II) and in 1703 became The Queen's Royal Regiment of Foot. [40][49][58], There were also 19th and 20th TF Battalions formed from the Home Service men of the regiment. [29] In 1897–98, a battalion took part in the Tirah Expedition on the North-West Frontier. As was usual at the time, it was also named after its current colonel, from one of whom, Percy Kirke, it acquired its nickna… The Queen’s avoided amalgamation with any other Regiment but it became associated with West Surrey and was re-titled as The Queen’s (Royal West Surrey Regiment). www.thequeensown.com The Royal Warwickshire Regiment 1914 - 1918 living history group A group portraying an infantry section from 1st Battalion Royal Warwickshire regiment. The Queen’s Own Royal West Kent Regiment (50th & 97th) Living History Group Membership Form Page 2 Other relevant details: The details supplied by me are correct and I agree to abide by the rules set out in our Constitution: Member’s Signature: Date: [15], On the outbreak of the French Revolutionary Wars, detachments were in the West Indies and acting as marines in the Channel Fleet, notably at the battle of the Glorious First of June in 1794, where they served on Howe's flagship, Queen Charlotte and also on board Russell, Defence, Royal George and Majestic. I am happy to cover all costs, if you are a family member or can put me in touch with them, please get in touch. The Groups first and foremost aim is to perpetuate the proud memory of those who lost their lives fighting for their … [18], The regiment was transferred to Ireland in 1798 where it helped put down the Irish rebellion and then took part in the unsuccessful 1799 Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland. However, in the reorganisation of the Territorial Army's infantry in the late 1930s, the 4th Queen's was transferred to the Royal Artillery and converted into the 63rd (Queen's) Searchlight Regiment. [21], During the Napoleonic Wars, the regiment first fought in the Peninsular War at the battles of Vimeiro and Corunna. The regiment's recruitm… After suffering heavy casualties in the Chindits campaign, 2nd Queen's reverted to being an ordinary infantry battalion, nicknamed PBI (Poor Bloody Infantry), and served with 29th Infantry Brigade,[69] part of 36th Infantry Division from May 1945 onwards. The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment Living History Group ( 50th & 97th ) has been formed by a number of like-minded living historians who share a passionate interest in the period and the Regiments of Kent. I have his dogtags and would love to get them home to his family. The troops were assembled on deck and remained at attention to afford the embarked women and children time to take their place in the lifeboats. 14 July 2006. [49] It fought at the Battle of Ypres, Battle of Aubers Ridge, Battle of Festubert, Battle of Loos and the Battle of the Somme until November 1917, when it was sent to the Italian Front, taking part in the battles of the Piave and Vittorio Veneto. [35][36] The 1st Volunteer Battalion (VB) was formed from the 2nd Surrey Rifle Volunteer Corps (RVC), at the Old Barracks, Mitcham Road, Croydon, while the 2nd VB was formed from the 4th Surrey RVC at Reigate[37][38][39][40][41][42][43] Both Volunteer Battalions contributed to service companies of volunteers who served alongside the regulars during the Second Boer War, and received the battle honour for the campaign. [68], The 2nd Battalion, initially commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Robert Ross until April 1940, spent the early years of the war in the Middle East and Syria before also going out to the Far East. This Time Line provides a brief history of the Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment and its forebear and successor Regiments from the period leading up to its formation as the Tangier Regiment in 1661 through to the present day Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment. The bravery of the troops, made up of cadres from ten different regiments, led to the naming of the Birkenhead Drill. This is the public page for the Queen's Own. [30], The 1st battalion was stationed at Malta from 1891, then in India where it was posted at Rawalpindi until late 1902 when it moved to Peshawar near the historic Khyber Pass on the border to Afghanistan. In turn, the regiment became part of Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment in a further amalgamation with the Royal Hampshire Regiment in 1992. [17], The regiment was then reunited and sent to the West Indies where it took part in the capture of Guadeloupe in 1794, although the occupation was short-lived owing to outbreaks of disease, particularly yellow fever, among the troops, and the capture of Trinidad in 1797. The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) was a regiment of the English and later British Army from 1661 to 1959. Our history can be traced back to 1661 - a direct descendant of the 2nd Regiment Foot, later the Queen's Royal Regiment of the line.. It spent most of the remainder of the 18th Century on garrison duty, being one of the regiments involved in putting down the Gordon Riots. The Battalion was embodied in December 1899 to provide troops for the Second Boer War, 550 men embarked for South Africa in February 1900;[33] and returned to the United Kingdom in May 1902, when it received a public welcome and reception at Guildford. In 1921, its title was slightly altered to The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey). [79], The 2nd Battalion was disbanded in 1948 and its personnel transferred to 1st Battalion (which had previously been reduced to nil strength in 1947). Shortly after this the ship broke up and the vast majority of the troops on board were either drowned or fell victim to sharks. [68] The Chindits were the creation of Brigadier Orde Wingate. The East Surrey Regiment was formed in 1881 by the amalgamation of the 31st who first paraded in 1702 as a Marine Regiment and the 70th who were raised in 1758. They were part of the 16th Brigade, 6th Infantry Division which was later redesignated as the 70th Infantry Division and were involved in Operation Thursday, the second Chindits campaign. The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) was a line infantry regiment of the English and later the British Army from 1661 to 1959. They arrived in England and the division was led for a while by Major-General Brian Horrocks. The Story of the Tertre Memorial . The Official Page For The Queens Own Royal West Kent Living History Group by PeterZed » Sat Jun 30, 2012 7:18 pm, Powered by phpBB® Forum Software © phpBB Limited, Re-Enactment Societies - details and links. [25], The regiment was shipped to the Cape Colony during the Eighth Xhosa War in 1851. The division was disbanded shortly after returning to England and the 35th Brigade was later redesignated the 169th Infantry Brigade. The RNRLHG is a group of dedicated enthusiasts who recreate, through active living history, re-enactment, displays and and exhibitions, the atmosphere and reality of the Royal Norfolk's on the battlefield, and their military experiences in times past between 1879 and 1959. [66], The 1st Battalion was serving in British India on the outbreak of the Second World War but did not see action until 1942 against the Imperial Japanese Army. [6] In 1715, it was renamed The Princess of Wales's Own Regiment of Foot after Caroline of Ansbach, then Princess of Wales, and was re-designated The Queen's Own Regiment of Foot in 1727 when the Princess became Queen. As was usual at the time, it was also named after its current colonel, from one of whom, Percy Kirke, it acquired its nickname Kirke's Lambs. The 2nd Battalion took part in the Waziristan campaign of 1919-1920, attempting to pacify the tribal areas during the unrest following the Third Afghan War. A second battalion was formed in 1795 and stationed in Guernsey before being shipped to Martinique, where it was disbanded in 1797, its personnel being absorbed by 1st Battalion. [8] When the QRSs merged into the new larger Queen's Regiment, the battalion became the 1st (Queen's Royal Surreys) Battalion, but this subtitle was omitted on 1 July 1968. They were also sent to France in 1940 and were involved in the Battle of Dunkirk where they suffered heavy casualties due to the men having very little training. [40][49][55][56][57], The 3/4th Bn was sent to the Western Front as reinforcements in August 1917, where it joined 21st Division and fought at Broodseinde and Cambrai. [32], A 3rd (Militia) Battalion was formed from the former 2nd Royal Surrey Militia, with headquarters at Guildford. These had originally been raised in 1859–60 in response to an invasion scare. [78] and in October the battalion was assigned to the 201st Independent Infantry Brigade (Home) and commenced anti-invasion duties. [44][45], Under the Haldane Reforms of 1908 the Militia became the Special Reserve and the Volunteers became part of the Territorial Force (TF). The 169th Brigade was to serve with the 56th Division for the rest of the war in the Italian Campaign in battles at Salerno, Anzio and in the final Allied offensive in Italy, Operation Grapeshot. [24], The regiment was on garrison duty in Baluchistan when the First Afghan War broke out in 1839. For example, the 13th Battalion, raised in 1940, was assigned–in an infantry capacity–to the 80th Infantry (Reserve) Division. [28] Under the reforms it became The Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment on 1 July 1881. The regiment was formed as a 'large regiment' on 31 December 1966 by the amalgamation of the four remaining regiments of the Home Counties Brigade as a consequence of the Defence Review of 1957.The four regiments formed four battalions, retaining their previous names in the titles. The regiment was created on 1 July 1881 as part of the Childers Reforms, originally as the Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment), by the amalgamation of the 50th (Queen's Own) Regiment of Foot and the 97th (The Earl of Ulster's) Regiment … In Dorchester in early July 1940 [ 77 ] commanded by Lieutenant Alexander. 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