The genus Charina consists of four species, three of which are found in North America, and one species found in Africa. All but one species, the Salt Marsh Snake (Nerodia clarkii) inhabit fresh water areas from small ponds to large rivers. This dark, ruddy-colored snake averages about 2 ½ feet in length, but can grow upwards of 4 ½ feet. There are dozens of other potential situations where a positive ID can give you the confidence to act knowing that you are in no real danger, such as retrieving a snake that slipped into your sleeping bag, or after taking up residence at the edge of your camp. Non-venomous snakes can still potentially hurt you: Several species of non-venomous snakes are still reasonably dangerous thanks to their size, strength and rows of razor sharp teeth, more than capable of inflicting lacerating bites that are highly likely to become hideously infected thanks to the copious bacteria in their mouths. The Timber Rattlesnake pictures is probably the most common species in the United States. One of two boa species indigenous to the United States, the rubber boa is nonetheless one of the most interesting snakes on the continent. There are 10 snake species in Montana, and only the prairie rattlesnake is venomous. While garter snakes can act as a natural pest control, most people who discover snakes in their home find it to be a frightening experience. The presentation below provides a run down of some common and rare colubrid snake species along with an overview of the Pit Vipers (Cottonmouths, Copperheads and Rattlesnakes). Their dark, often blotched skin, helps them blend into their environment. Majority of North American continent, except Southwest U.S. and Mexico. These little beauties average around a foot in length, and are possessed of striking copper or peach colored scales along their back that transition to white or cream color on their bellies. A short species of snake, averaging 2 feet or less, and looking very similar to an average garter snake in coloration with rows of yellow, cream or peach colored stripes running the length of its body. Another small snake rarely exceeding 1 1/2 feet in length with a slender build. Indigo snakes (genus Drymarchon) often get ranked as the largest coulbrids. Eastern racers, oftentimes called black racers for one typical and common coloration (though they may appear as brown, tan or even blue) are curious snakes that are also excellent climbers, often seen scaling trees in search of prey waiting inside a bird’s nest. Is it a poisonous snake? If you don’t know what kind of snake you are dealing with, this can lead to a negative outcome. Diamondback species, for example, have dark, diamond shaped patterns along the length of the body. All of these snakes have a light underbelly that simplifies identification. This is a list of the known snakes of Arizona. Crotalus rattlesnakes, for example, inhabit most areas of North America. Michigan. Jamie Harrison has lived in Montana with her family for almost 30 years. The picture at the top of the page shows a pair of Garter Snakes. Queen snakes are notable for their strict environmental requirements, since they feed predominantly on crayfish and will never be found in areas where there are not crayfish in abundance to feast on. LAWS §287.731, it is clearly defined which animals cannot be kept as pets. On defense they will typically flee at best speed, but often can be handled safely, usually settling down after squirming for a short time. They can easily blend into the grounds of pine woods, glades and marshlands. They are cold-blooded creatures, so they are not likely to be visible during the evening. Garter snakes are common snake variety and completely harmless to humans, although they will musk (emit an unpleasant odorous secretion) when threatened. So long as they are cleaned properly and cooked well, snake meat is generally safe to consume. Milk snakes will typically attempt escape when they are threatened or frightened, but if cornered or repeatedly threatened, they make a stand and strike energetically. Superficially resembling copperheads, Corn snakes are stocky and of greatly variable length, typically found anywhere from 2 feet to 5 feet long. While the venomous snakes typically get all the limelight and infamy as the ones to watch out for, you are far more likely in most places to run into non-venomous snakes then their deadly brethren. Learning to reliably identify snakes is a good idea, since this knowledge will inform your decision of how to react. Moving from the largest of the colubrid snakes to the smallest colubrids also keys in on the Eastern United States. Majority of Continental U.S. and east coast of Northern Mexico. Some of them hide. Some will even play dead. They may, nonetheless, be easily distinguished from rattlesnakes by the shape of their head which is still narrower than a rattlesnakes and the lack of black and white banding on their tail. Please press any of the green buttons on the left to learn more about the snake species associated with each of the genera. Under 321 CMR 9.00: Exemption List, all venomous snakes require a permit. It goes without saying that you must never attempt to interact with any snake if you are not 100% sure of its identity! Boidae consists of the non-venomous snakes commonly called boas and has 43 species. This is yet another snake that greatly prefers escape to putting up a fight, but if you ever make the mistake of cornering one they will bite repeatedly and mercilessly. This is another species that can expel a foul musk from their anus when threatened. Home Advanced Search . Corn snakes are a common fixture throughout the American South, and so named for their regular appearances near farms that raise and store corn and other grains, since their predominant prey is mice and rats which typically are attracted to and eat such cereals. Five different copperhead subspecies (Agkistrodon contortrix) inhabit Eastern and Mid-western forest areas, south to Texas. However, during the day they will bask in the sun to regulate their body temperature. Among snakes they are noteworthy for their excellent vision which they put to good use by lifting their heads off the ground to survey the area around them while traveling. The plains garter snake (Thamnophis radix) is a species of garter snake native to most of the Central United States stretching as far north as Canada and as far south as Texas. By Chris Falt – originally posted to Flickr as Redbelly Snake, CC BY-SA 2.0, Link. U.S.-Canada Border regions, much of New England, U.S. Midwest. As a rule, they are black, green or brown, and feature yellow stripes running the length of their bodies. The shorter and thicker body of the Water Moccasin can normally be used as field identification clues to distinguish between them. Brown to dark brown in color, they may have stripes ranging from yellow to blue depending on subspecies. Perhaps the most magnificent of the snakes in North America, the Eastern Indigo is also the longest snake on the continent, a heavy-bodied bruiser of a snake easily reaching over 6 feet in length. March to April is the most likely time to catch your first sighting of a garter snake. Tortoises Turtles. Notable among snakes, these have fairly good eyesight, if only over short distances. It’s also the only member of the genus. The desert Southwest hosts over a dozen different species. Occasionally, you can find them leaving their burrows in the late evening to begin their nightly search for food. Possessed of a typically rust-red body with ivory or cream colored bands of variable width along its length, it is sometimes mistaken for the American coral snake. Under this list, various nonvenomous snakes may be kept as a pet without a permit, including kingsnakes, gopher snakes, garter snakes, etc. Assuming you can get close enough to one, they can be handled easily enough since they are fairly docile, but they are quick to emit excrement and a foul-smelling odor when handled. Pine Woods snakes are primarily residents of coastal pine forests of the Southeast. Identifying the types of snakes people come into contact with in the United States starts by presenting some formal information about snakes. Pit Vipers are the largest group of venomous snakes. As the most common snakes, they also are the focus of the snake identification guide. They have characteristically chunky bodies but blunt heads, and equally blunt tails. You have not viewed any products recently. Garter Snakes are common and plentiful snakes found throughout North America, of medium build and length, averaging about 2 feet long. If you take a gamble on getting snake for dinner, and it turns out you’re trying to nab a venomous one you could get a life-threatening, agonizing injury for your trouble. Many snakes will run at the first sign of trouble. First, the native snakes in the United States fit into one of five different families: Most people will cross paths with Colubrid snakes for the simple fact that they are the largest family of snakes in terms of number of species. By entering your e-mail you consent to subscribe to my newsletter. Species Guide. Garter Snake removal and control is the most common call a animal removal professiona receives in the spring of the year and we will continue to receive these calls throught the entire year. Many people reading this article will no doubt show more curiosity than squeamishness at the presence of a snake. 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