Childbirth Definition Childbirth includes both labor (the process of birth) and delivery (the birth itself); it refers to the entire process as an infant makes its way from the womb down the birth canal to the outside world. This requires the mother's water to be broken and that she be two to three centimeters dilated. 204, Arlington, VA 22201. CF hyster/o. This is only successful approximately half the time. Many women also receive some pain medication at this point—either a short-term medication, such as Nubain or Numorphan, or an epidural anesthesia. When the top of the baby's head appears at the opening of the vagina, the birth is nearing completion. At the same time, the contractions cause the cervix to thin. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Labor can be described in terms of a series of phases. The infant passes down the vagina, helped along by contractions of the abdominal muscles and the mother's pushing. Vacuum-assisted birth can only be used after the cervix is fully dilated (expanded), and the head of the fetus has begun to descend through the pelvis. An epidural is placed with the woman lying on her side or sitting up in bed with the back rounded to allow more space between the vertebrae. It may be harder for a woman to bear down when it comes time to push, although the amount of anesthesia can be adjusted as this stage nears. This type of anesthesia requires an IV and fetal monitor. As a portion of the amniotic sac surrounding the baby is pushed into the opening, it bursts under the pressure, releasing amniotic fluid. Uterine contractions get stronger. In breech presentation, the baby's head is not the part pressing against the cervix. It was the first popular natural childbirth method, becoming popular in the 1960s. beginning. This type of anesthesia provides complete pain relief, and can help conserve a woman's energy, since she can relax or even sleep during labor. Another sign that labor is beginning is the breaking of the "bag of waters," the amniotic sac which had cushioned the baby during the pregnancy. During the latent phase, progress is usually very slow. Postpartum Support International. Continuing uterine contractions cause it to separate from the uterus at this point. These pages include full terms, prefixes, suffixes, and root words. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. But they are cute, aren’t they? The procedure may be used in cases where the mother has had a previous c-section and the area of the incision has been weakened. However, other obstetrical services do not use forceps at all. Labor and Delivery Terminology, Medical Terminology. Many women also receive some pain medication at this point—either a short-term medication, such as Nubain or Numorphan, or an epidural anesthesia. If the labor is not progressing as it should or if the baby appears to be in distress, the doctor may opt for a forceps delivery. Start studying Exploring Medical Terminology Chapter 6-9 Word Parts. The specific choice may depend on what's available, the woman's preferences, her doctor's recommendations, and how the labor is proceeding. Depending on the type of medications used, this type of anesthesia can block nerve signals, causing temporary pain relief, or a loss of sensation from the waist down. It uses radio waves transmitted from an instrument on the mother's thigh. There is approximately a quart of fluid at full term. As a portion of the amniotic sac surrounding the baby is pushed into the opening, it bursts under the pressure, releasing amniotic fluid. These pages include full terms, prefixes, suffixes, and root words. It has been attached to the wall of the uterus and has served to convey nourishment from the mother to the fetus throughout the pregnancy. A special stethoscope called a fetoscope may be used. (800) 423-2397; in California (800) 422-4784. Contractions that cause the cervix to dilate are the sign of true labor. This allows the flow of oxygen to the baby and to the muscles in the uterus to be maintained. Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Labo Progressive Multi-Purpose Cooperative, Labor Agreement Information Retrieval System, Labor and Employment Relations Association, the umbilical has dropped down in front of the baby into the birth canal, the baby is too large to pass through the birth canal unaided, develop a regular pattern, with contractions coming closer together, last from 15-30 seconds at the onset and get progressively stronger and longer (up to 60 seconds), occur high up on the abdomen, radiating throughout the abdomen and lower back. There are several types of fetal monitoring. It is important that all of the placenta be removed from the uterus. In this phase, contractions are longer and more regular, usually occurring about every two minutes. During the first phase of labor, the cervix dilates (opens) from 0-10 cm. Depending on the type of medications used, this type of anesthesia can block nerve signals, causing temporary pain relief, or a loss of sensation from the waist down. -Tocia medical term defined and online flashcards. P.O. Other conditions also can make c-section advisable, such as vaginal herpes, One of the first signs of approaching childbirth may be a "bloody show," the appearance of a small amount of blood-tinged mucus released from the cervix as it begins to dilate. The human act or process of giving birth; parturition. Box 20048, Minneapolis, MN 55420. Forceps can be used after the cervix is fully dilated, and they might be required if: Before placing the forceps around the baby's head, pain medication or anesthesia may be given to the mother. This means the production of a viable infant (500 g or more or over 20 weeks' gestation) regardless of … During the first stage of labor (which is called dilation), the cervix dilates fully to a diameter of about … Add a suffix to create a medical term meaning: toward the head Cephal_____ Cephalad. It can usually pick up the heart sounds 12 weeks after conception. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/childbirth. Most women choose some type of pain relief during childbirth, ranging from relaxation and imagery to drugs. Spinal anesthesia operates on the same principle as epidural anesthesia, and is used primarily in cases of c-section delivery. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Start studying Child Birth Unit Prefixes and Suffixes Medical Terminology. So tight that the baby 's head, but it fades away in a trickle or a gush have telling. Doses of anesthetic injected is large, since it must be injected at one time quite! 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