But a Bolsonaro victory, which polls suggest is almost assured on Oct. 28, would also have a major global implication: It could spell doom for the worldwide fight against climate change. He wants to privatize, for example, the national oil company, public banks, electricity companies. This also comes after Trump skipped the G-7 meeting on climate change and the Amazon. They do these illegal activities. There’s the lack of demarcation of indigenous lands, the issue of health, education. It’s great to have you with us, Maria. Welcome back to Democracy Now! “My guess is that even if Bolsonaro wins and wants to change the deal, it will not be an easy task.” Citing research showing that Amazon deforestation could hit rainfall and therefore agriculture, Guimarães said climate action was in the national interest. Jair’s repertoire: Racism, misogyny, climate change The newly elected President of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, has sent mixed messages about climate change. Exclusive: Japan uses ‘environmental’ fund to finance Vietnamese coal plant. We do not accept funding from advertising, underwriting or government agencies. But what happened on this one day? Stay with us. Brazil’s president-elect Jair Bolsonaro has chosen a new foreign minister who believes climate change is part of a plot by “cultural Marxists” to stifle … MARIA LUÍSA MENDONÇA: Yes. They called the “Day of the Fire.” And that happened just a couple of weeks ago. All those factors make a sane policy on climate change less likely. The Amazon is a crucial buffer against climate change and occupies about 49% of Brazil's territory. New drone footage shows the widespread smoke and fires gathering strength. During the 2018 election campaign, Bolsonaro threatened to pull out of the Paris Agreement on climate change – a decision on which he has since backtracked, providing that the deal doesn’t impact on the country’s sovereignty over indigenous lands. So far this year, there have been nearly 73,000 fires in Brazil, with over half of them in the Amazon region — an 83% increase from the same period last year. International Climate Change Politics Then candidate Biden caught the attention of Bolsonaro during a U.S. Presidential debate when he mentioned creating an international fund of $20 billion to help Brazil preserve the Amazon rainforest. Well, the thing is, at the same time that he says that, he is implementing austerity measures and opening up key sectors of the Brazilian economy to privatization. MARIA LUÍSA MENDONÇA: Yes. But many blame his policies for the spread of the fires. Trump's rollback of climate change regulations will be felt far beyond his presidency. And in Brazil, with Bolsonaro’s policies cutting funding for agencies that monitor deforestation, he, just a few weeks ago, fired the head of the national space research agency, that was putting out information about deforestation. MARIA LUÍSA MENDONÇA: Yes, that was very important. Bolsonaro rejects the scientific consensus on climate change. And then the politics of Bolsonaro saying, “No, you couldn’t even deal with your own Notre-Dame Cathedral on fire,” and then insulting the French president and his wife? But his inner circle and anti-climate change ideology is setting the tone of Brazil’s political debate on environmental protections and climate change. AMY GOODMAN: You have Bolsonaro pulling Brazil out of being the host of the U.N. cllimate summit in December, and so Chile is going to take on that responsibility. He repeatedly threatened to withdraw from the Paris Agreement during his campaign. Environmental groups seek to circumvent reluctant leaders from the U.S. to Brazil and Australia. You know, the jobs in plantations are horrible jobs. So, also, we have seen reports saying that there was more rain this year than last year, although this is the dry season, so we cannot explain why the level of destruction, and there are so many more fires this year in comparison to last year. So we’re not talking about development of the Brazilian economy. So, the oil industry and agribusiness, which relies on chemical inputs based on fossil fuels, are the main cause of climate change. Authorities in Iraq and Lebanon say they view the strikes as “declarations of war.” We’ll speak with Rami Khouri, senior policy fellow at the American University of Beirut. Mr. Macron has emerged as one of the world leaders most critical of Mr. Bolsonaro, a far-right populist and climate change skeptic, who has been accused of encouraging deforestation. Even before taking office, he backed out of Brazil's offer to host the 2019 UN Climate Change Conference. With the United States no longer led by someone who thinks climate change is a hoax, Mr. Bolsonaro can expect to encounter much more pressure. Until May, he was the head of the Brazil Forum for Climate Change, an institution created to formulate the country’s Paris Agreement commitment plan. So, if we really want development, we need to protect our national — our natural resources, because to have a productive agricultural system, we need to protect the soil, the water sources. [195] Traditional principles of Brazilian diplomacy such as democratic multilateralism have taken a back seat. Mr Bolsonaro, a far-right climate-change skeptic, has presided over rising deforestation and wildfires since taking office in January 2019. Bolsonaro’s win comes as many countries wrestle with their stance on climate policy. This content is currently not available in your region. And now, this year, of course, the situation is much more dramatic. And the indigenous communities in Brazil are very well organized, and they are calling the international community to pay attention, to keep monitoring the situation. Pacheco even has the backing of the leftist Workers Party (PT) that see him opposing Bolsonaro’s more controversial views such as easing gun ownership rules and denying climate change. See our Privacy Policy and Third Party Partners to learn more about the use of data and your rights. This is likely the case in Brazil. We have several cases of slave labor in those plantations. By Travis Waldron, Alexander C. … So far this year, there have been nearly 73,000 fires in Brazil, with over half of them in the Amazon region — an 83% increase from the same period last year. MARIA LUÍSA MENDONÇA: Yeah. I’m Amy Goodman, as we turn to Brazil, where fires continue to rage in the Amazon. In 2019, Bolsonaro sacked his space agency chief for providing data which showed that deforestation was increasing. PRESIDENT JAIR BOLSONARO: [translated] Look, first of all, Mr. Macron should withdraw the insults he made against me. So, he’s opening up our lands for mining exploitation, for agribusiness. National development in technology, infrastructure, and trade is the priority goal. As the devastation continues to spread, far-right Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro said on Tuesday he would reconsider accepting a $22 million offer from the G7 nations to help fight the fires in the Amazon, but only if French President Emmanuel Macron withdrew what he called insults made against him. AMY GOODMAN: So, if you can talk about what she said and the significance of the indigenous women gathering and protesting? First, he called me a liar. Sign up for our Daily News Digest today! I think this is the only message that is going to have an effect in terms of pressuring the Bolsonaro administration, because he doesn’t believe in climate change, and he is implementing policies that are giving a green light for deforestation. Pressure from Biden to curb deforestation in the Amazon and concern for climate change would be a major departure from Trump's approach and could cause frictions with Bolsonaro… By clicking “I agree” below, you consent to the use by us and our third-party partners of cookies and data gathered from your use of our platforms. Now, without the cover of a U.S. administration that denies climate change, Brazil could become further isolated in international environmental politics. Bolsonaro is really happy with the destruction of the Amazon, so he’s going to come up with any type of excuse just not to take responsibility for what’s happening. AMY GOODMAN: And the agribusiness is specifically? The fires are also destroying large swaths of land in Bolivia. A vast plume of smoke has spread across South America and the Atlantic Ocean and is visible from space. And they are very close to industries that are the main cause of climate change: the oil industry, agribusiness, mining. Did you know that you can get Democracy Now! Now, according to two people familiar with his plans, Biden’s administration will place two issues Bolsonaro often dismisses at the top of the U.S.-Brazil agenda: climate change and … We rely on readers like you to uphold a free press. Isolating Bolsonaro should be part of Biden’s climate change agenda – Ambiente; Global Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Treatment Market || Santhera Pharmaceuticals and Sarepta Therapeutics. You can think of the first UN climate change meeting in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 as the start of a tug of war. This is not about development. Brazil’s aggressive News The Japan Bank for International Cooperation approved a loan to the controversial Vung Ang 2 coal project from a facility intended for “environmental preservation ” News Germany’s conservative CDU picks coal industry supporter Armin Laschet as leader. We speak with Maria Luísa Mendonça, director of the Network for Social Justice and Human Rights in Brazil. AMY GOODMAN: Well, Maria Luísa Mendonça, I want to thank you very much for being with us, director of the Network for Social Justice and Human Rights in Brazil, visiting scholar at City University of New York Graduate Center. Latest climate change news. MARIA LUÍSA MENDONÇA: Yes. As the world reacts to the Amazon’s destruction, indigenous Brazilians are on the frontlines of the fight to save their land. Deforestation in Brazil's Amazon skyrockets to 12-year high under Jair Bolsonaro's push to increase farming and mining to combat poverty. It May Soon Get Even Worse. Bolsonaro, an ally of President Donald Trump, tweeted on Wednesday saying Biden "stated yesterday that he could pay us as much as US$20 billion to … JOÊNIA WAPICHANA: [translated] Protest is an important act to defend the rights of indigenous peoples. AMY GOODMAN: And the European Union? director of the Network for Social Justice and Human Rights in Brazil and a visiting scholar at the City University of New York Graduate Center. Agribusiness, they promote destruction. Well, the Amazon is not empty land, of course, right? We rely on contributions from our viewers and listeners to do our work. Then we can talk. Please do your part today. “For the president, it’s, if you believe in [climate change], it’s a conspiracy meant to keep Brazil from developing. media caption Why the Amazon rainforest helps fight climate change President Jair Bolsonaro has insisted that the Brazilian areas of the Amazon rainforest are sovereign territory. Few countries are more important to stemming climate change than Brazil, which is home to the Amazon rainforest and the Cerrado savanna ― two of the most crucial environmental defenses against global … Climate change How right-wing nationalism fuels climate denial. A vast plume of smoke has spread over South America and the Atlantic Ocean, visible from space. So, that’s why I think we need to call for a boycott of those four products from Brazil. AMY GOODMAN: This is Democracy Now!, democracynow.org, The War and Peace Report. We rely on contributions from our viewers and listeners to do our work. AMY GOODMAN: And explain the setting of the fires all in one day. The original content of this program is licensed under a. Far-right Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has worked to deregulate and open up the Amazon for agribusiness, logging and mining since he came into office in January, and indigenous peoples in the country say they are on the frontlines of the destruction. So, this is the cycle of destruction. Bolsonaro’s penchant for crudity is reminiscent of Rodrigo Duterte, but he wears with pride the tag ‘Trump of the Tropics’. I mean, many people —. Meanwhile, Germany said this year that it was not on track to meet its 2020 climate targets. [193] [194] Even before taking office, he backed out of Brazil's offer to host the 2019 UN Climate Change Conference . As the warm relationship between U.S. President Donald Trump and Brazil President Jair Bolsonaro comes to and end with the former’s electoral defeat in Tuesday, January 19, 2021 Bolsonaro and his appointed environment minister, Ricardo Salles, have expressed doubts as to whether climate change is man-made, although Brazil remains a party to the Paris Agreement. The fires are unprecedented in recorded history, and environmentalists say most of the fires were deliberately set by illegal miners and cattle ranchers. The minorities should either adapt or simply vanish”, when giving a speech about environmental policies in the Amazon. By Drew Kann, CNN Video by Lacey Russell and Alex King, CNN. to your inbox each morning. MARIA LUÍSA MENDONÇA: Yes, I think Trump and Bolsonaro, both of them, they don’t believe in climate change. Bolsonaro paid no mind, instead allowing his fawning foreign minister, to whom Trump was the “savior of the West,” to remand the country’s top diplomats to second tier posts. Bolsonaro's stance and the Amazon fires have made climate change a leading topic in Brazilian news and public discourse, said Adriana Ramos of the non-profit Instituto Socioambiental. Funding for activities under Brazil’s national climate change plan has also been cut, from R$436 million for 2019 to R$247 million for 2020, a drop of more than 40%, INESC research showed. Updated 1433 GMT (2233 HKT) September 4, … Alston says that “populism is driven in part by fear and resentment”. The Brazil Forum for Climate Change was created by Bolsonaro’s predecessor, Michel Temer, to formulate the country’s plan to meet its commitments … This is a rush transcript. President-elect Biden has signaled that combatting climate change will be a priority in his administration. Bolsonaro’s legacy of climate change denial and his lax attitude toward the clearing of the Amazon helped align him with Trump. For a start, Bolsonaro has previously said that, if elected, he would withdraw Brazil from the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change, arguing that global warming is nothing more than “ … So, I think that — and also, giving aid to the Bolsonaro administration, I don’t think that is going to help very much. He wasted no time on his agenda, announcing, “Where there is Indigenous land, there is wealth underneath it.” Bolsonaro attacked the legal protection granted to Brazil’s 305 ethnic groups, the last stewards of the Amazon forest. This is all in danger. 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